Along with conducting independent air operations, the Spanish Air Army provides air support for land and naval forces and aids in the recovery of troops in the field. As of 2019, the service operates more than 414 military aircraft with 23,000 active duty airmen.
Combat aircraft, or “Warplanes”, are divided broadly into multi-role, fighters, bombers, attackers, and electronic warfare support.
Military transport aircraft or military cargo aircraft are used to airlift troops, weapons and other military equipment to support military operations. Transport aircraft can be used for both strategic and tactical missions, and are often diverted to civil emergency relief missions.
A maritime patrol aircraft (MPA), also known as a patrol aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, is a fixed-wing aircraft designed to operate for long durations over water in maritime patrol roles — in particular anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-ship warfare (AShW), and search and rescue (SAR).
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.
An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft
An air-to-surface missile (ASM) or air-to-ground missile (AGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft at targets on land.