The URO VAMTAC (Vehículo de Alta Movilidad Táctico) is a Spanish four-wheel drive military vehicle manufactured by the UROVESA. It is similar in appearance and design to the Humvee of the United States Military. More than 2,000 of the vehicles have been delivered to the Spanish Armed Forces. Several other countries operate the VAMTAC as well, and it has seen service most recently in Afghanistan. The vehicle comes in two models, named I3 and S3, and has several configurations.
The URO VAMTAC was developed by the Spanish company URO, Vehiculos Especiales S.A. so that it would meet the requirements of the Spanish military for a multipurpose, air-portable, high mobility off-road vehicle with good payload capacity.
Just as the HMMWV entered production in 1984 the Spanish army started to think of purchasing their own multirole vehicle that would replace Land Rovers.
VAMTAC concept did not materialize until 1995 when a competition was held for a next-generation tactical vehicle. The American HMMWV was also a natural candidate for several reasons. UROVESA decided to design a vehicle that could exceed the US design.
After the vehicle was tested by the Spanish Ministry of Defence, UROVESA received a five-year contract and the URO VAMTAC was produced from 1998 to 2003. In October 2005, the Ministry of Defence awarded a new five-year contract for the URO VAMTAC after a three-month trial period. This also introduced some changes, and the two models of the vehicle which were named T3 and T5, were re-designated as I3 and S3 respectively. The URO VAMTAC is similar in appearance and design to the U.S. Military’s Humvee, because both vehicles were designed to meet similar requirements and specifications.
Its off-road performance and high mobility characteristics give it an extraordinary ability to move at high speeds through very steep areas and under full load. The VAMTAC has been in service in areas such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Kosovo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo or Lebanon, under the use of the Armed Forces of Spain or others such as Portugal, Romania and Morocco.
Its civil applications are focused on firefighting and civil protection activities, as well as police and security. The Narval family business, specialized in refrigeration distribution and logistics, had this model for military use among its fleet of vehicles adapted to Narval’s refrigeration logistics, to deliver the service to high mountain stations such as Sierra Nevada.
- URO VAMTAC I3 (initially designated URO VAMTAC T3)
- URO VAMTAC S3 (initially T5)
- URO VAMTAC S3 SHIELDED
- URO VAMTAC ST5
The new armored S3 features ballistic protection up to level 3, based on a modular-type crew survival capsule, fitted with interior Spall-liners, ballistic steel plates, armored glass with frames and ceramic outer plates. It also has protection against mines and improvised explosive charges IED achieved thanks to its anti-deformation structure, a lower V-shaped steel diffuser, shock wave absorbing elements, raised floor with anti-mine blanket, doors with anti-diffuser. -deformation, safety locks, special seats with head restraints, foot rests and seat belts.
It can also include heating, air conditioning, thermal and acoustic insulation, laminated windows, electric windshield wipers, hatch with a remote control gun mount or station, roll bars, run-flat wheels, automatic tire pressure regulation (CTIS) , anti-explosion and anti-fire system, mounts for guns up to 30 mm, inhibitors, etc.
With all these modifications, the set reaches a weight of 8,500 kg, despite which it maintains exceptional mobility thanks to the fact that it was equipped with a Steyr Euro 3 engine with 218 hp (without the Euro 3 characteristics it could reach up to 300 hp) , mated to an Allison automatic transmission with six forward speeds and one reverse.
- General cargo
- Cisterns and cisterns
- Command and control
- Missile platforms
- Weapon Holder
- Surveillance systems
- Personal transportation
|Length||4.845 metres (15.90 ft)|
|Width||2.175 metres (7 ft 1.6 in)|
|Height||1.9 metres (6 ft 3 in)|
|Engine||Steyr turbocharged diesel
188 metric horsepower (138 kW)
|Payload capacity||1500–2000 kg|
|Transmission||5 speed automatic|
|Fuel capacity||110 litres (24 imp gal; 29 US gal)|
|>600 kilometres (370 mi)|
|Speed||135 kilometres per hour (84 mph)|
- Saudi Arabia – 30 VAMTAC requested in 2015
- Belgian Army – For NBC decontamination.
- Dominican Republic
- Army of the Dominican Republic
- Dominican Republic Air Force
- Spanish Army – (approximately 2,900); In 1998, a first five-year contract was signed, which involved the delivery of some 1,200 vehicles, of which approximately 40% were of the I3 version and the rest of the S3. A second five-year contract was signed in 2005, for around 900 other copies, all of the S3 version. On May 29, 2013, a new contract was signed for 772 vehicles for the three Armies and the UME. 6 And in 2020 the acquisition of up to 663 more was announced for various branches of the M & As, which should be completed by 2025 7.
- Spanish Air Force – 76 vehicles.
- Spanish Navy – In 2013, a five-year contract was signed that entailed the delivery of 99 vehicles of the S3 version, although a total of 280.9 are intended to be purchased
- Indonesian – They will mount the Starstreak .11 anti-aircraft missiles
- Iraq – 225 VAMTAC ST5 EOD (Explosive Disposal).
- Malaysian – 109 VAMTAC ordered on April 23, 2008.
- Morocco – 1,200 VAMTAC ordered in November 2006.
- Portugal – 139 VAMTAC ST5 acquired for the Portuguese Army.
- Romania – 60 VAMTAC S3 and 2 VAMTAC S3 EOD (Explosive Disposal).
- Singapore – Not determining the number purchased (will replace Humvee, Jeep and Mercedes Benz MB290)