Taurus KEPD 350 (kinetic energy penetration destroyer) is a long-range air-to-surface missile developed and manufactured by Taurus Systems. The company is a joint venture between LFK-Lenkflugkörpersysteme (EADS/MBDA) (67%) and Saab-Bofors Dynamics (33%).
The high precision stand-off guided missile system can penetrate through dense air defence systems and destroy the hard and deeply buried stationary and semi-stationary military targets on ground.
The missile tackles targets, such as air base facilities, bunkers, port facilities, command, control and communication stations, ammunition storage facilities, bridges, ships in ports and runways.
The cruise missile system is in service with the German (Luftwaffe) and Spanish Air Forces. Two missiles can be simultaneously armed on the Tornado, F/A-18 and Eurofighter aircraft. It is also planned to be deployed on SAAB’s JAS 39 Gripen aircraft.
Long-range missile development
The German Federal Office for Defense Technology and Procurement (BWB) contracted Taurus Systems for the development of the high precision stand-off guided missile system in 1998. Successful tests on the image assisted navigation system of Taurus KEPD 350 were conducted in June 2001.
Taurus Systems conducted free flight tests on the missile system in Denel Overberg Test Range, South Africa, in November 2002. The test was led by Wehrtechnische Dienststelle 61 and the German Air Force. Series production of the Taurus KEPD 350 missiles for Luftwaffe began in 2004.
Features of the Taurus KEPD 350
The air-to-ground guided Taurus KEPD 350 missile system has an overall weight of 1,400kg. It has a length of 16.7ft, wingspan of 6.7ft and diameter of 3.5ft. It falls under the MTCR category two weaponry.
The missile is made of modular sections which can be configured based on the individual missions. Its electronic systems are also modular. APCON has supplied the missile seeker electronics.
The Taurus missile is suitable for day and night and all weather deployment. It has low observability and terrain masking features for survivability. The modular design and reliability reduce the lifecycle cost of the system.
The missile carries about 481kg of inert multi-effect penetrator, high sophisticated and target optimised (MEPHISTO) dual stage warhead system for superior target penetration. The ignition system of the warhead is based on programmable intelligent multipurpose fuse (PIMPF).
The programmable fuse is designed with layer counting and void sensing technology. It was developed by TDW Gesellschaft für verteidigungstechnische Wirksysteme.
The blast and fragmentation capabilities eliminate the collateral damage to civil facilities near the target. The stand-off and precision capabilities of the missile and deployment range of more than 350km ensure maximum safety to the aircraft and crew.
Propulsion of the air-to-surface missile
Taurus KEPD 350 is powered by Williams P8300-15 Turbofan engine which provides the missile with a cruise speed of about Mach 0.6 to 0.95 at very low altitudes. The missile has a range of up to 500km (270nm) which is about 15% more than the ones propelled with JP10 fuel.
Navigation of the missile is controlled through Tri-Tec navigation system. It combines data from an inertial navigation system (INS), MIL-global positioning system (GPS), terrain reference navigation (TRN) and infrared seeker based image based navigation (IBN) sensors.
The missile can also navigate long distances without the GPS subsystem. It is equipped with an integrated mission planning system to determine its flight path.
Taurus KEPD 350 orders and deliveries
Spain received about 43 KEPD 350 through the contractor Sener. The order for Spanish Air Force was placed in November 2004 and deliveries were completed by August 2010. The missile is integrated with EF-18 multirole combat aircraft.
Germany received about 600 missile systems by December 2010 under a €570m contract awarded in August 2002.
Taurus KEPD 350 has been proposed as the suitable air-launched high precision stand-off cruise missile for the Indian Air Force’s Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter aircraft. The other possible export markets include Australia, Canada and Sweden.
|Mass||1,400 kg (3,100 lb)|
|Length||5 m (16 ft 5 in)|
|Diameter||1.015 m (40.0 in)|
|Warhead||481 kg (1,060 lb) Mephisto (Multi-Effect Penetrator HIghly Sophisticated and Target Optimised)|
|Engine||Williams WJ38-15 turbofan|
|Wingspan||2.065 m (6 ft 9.3 in)|
|>500 km (310 mi)|
|Flight altitude||40–50 m (130–160 ft)|
|Maximum speed||Mach 1|
|IBN (image-based navigation), INS (inertial navigation system), TRN (terrain-referenced navigation) and MIL-GPS (Global Positioning System)|
|Integrated: Tornado, F/A-18, F-15K
(Tested: Gripen, Typhoon)
- German Air Force – 600 ordered at a cost of €570 million. Deliveries ended in December 2010.
- Spanish Air Force – 43 ordered. Deliveries ended in August 2010. The program cost €60m.
- Republic of Korea Air Force -170 in service with 90 ordered.